The article aims to depict Thailand's energy transition, driven by the severe impacts of climate change on the country's development and Thailand’s obligations as a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and Paris Agreement. These driving forces are reflected in various policies and laws that seek to enhance Thailand's capacity to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, ultimately leading to the country's commitment to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050 and net-zero emissions by 2065.
Thailand's current policies, including the National Strategy, National Economic and Social Development Plan, Power Development Plan, and Alternative Energy Development Plan, place greater emphasis on reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the energy sector compared to other sectors. This sector holds the highest impact on climate change. Therefore, the utilization of renewable and alternative energy sources, which can effectively reduce greenhouse gas emissions, as primary energy sources instead of carbon-intensive fossil fuels, is crucial in meeting the country's commitments.
Another key strategy to drive the country towards these goals is the development and improvement of relevant laws that support the circular economy, promote the use of alternative energy, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions across all sectors. Thus, this article provides a concise overview of significant legal developments impacting Thailand's energy transition, particularly in the areas of electricity generation, key steps, and licenses required for participation in the electricity production market. Additionally, we analyze trends and potential future developments in legislation that may shape the country's path forward.